Your career: A lifelong journey

Your career is something much larger than a job or an occupation. Your career is the variety of experiences of learning and works (both unpaid and paid) that you undertake throughout your lifetime.

Career: the sum total of paid and unpaid work, learning and life roles you undertake throughout your life.

Occupation: a group of similar jobs found in different industries or organizations.

Job: a position in which you perform tasks for payment.

Our careers are influenced by many things, such as our interests, our age, our education, our families and our cultural values, most of which change over time. In the 21st century, very few people will have a job or an occupation for life. You can expect to make several changes throughout your career.

It's up to you to actively manage the process of building your career, rather than just letting it happen. You will need to plan and manage your lifelong career journey. You are the person best suited to make choices on the basis of your own skills, knowledge and interests. But as you get started, remember that you won't be alone. Be open to those who can help and support you along the way, and offer your help and support to others as well.

Задание 2. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect

1. She (lose) her umbrella on the train. 2. Nobody (know) Princess Diana completely. 3. When the performance (end), the audience went home. 4. I (not/ know) my grandmother. 5. She (die) when I was two years old. 6. While Sam (write) his letter, the telephone (ring). 7. Everybody (do) something when a new employee (come) in. 8. When we finally got to the airport, the plane (already/ take off). 9. She (always/ criticise) people when she was younger.

Задание 3. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Future Simple или Future Continuous

1. We (have) a party next Sunday. 2. We (have) a party from seven to ten next Sunday. 3. I think I (read) a new article tomorrow. 4. He (work) from 8 to 9 p.m. on Saturday. 5. At this time tomorrow I (swim) in the river. 6. Jane (walk) in the park next weekend if the weather is good. 7. We (learn) English from 5 to 7 o’clock tomorrow. 8. I (do) my homework quickly and go for a walk. 9. I think I (do) my homework for half an hour.

Задание 4. Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужном времени, используя правила согласования времен в английском языке

1. I didn’t know that you already (read) this book. 2. He did it better than I (expect). 3. He said that the bus (be) here soon. 4. I think it all happened soon after the meeting (end). 5. They decided that they (bring) us all the necessary books. 6. He said that he (can) not do it without my help. 7. He asked the students whether they (solve) a problem. 8. It was decided that we (start) our work at eight o’clock. 9. I told you that I (leave) for Minsk on the following day. 10. The boy didn’t know that he already (receive) a good mark.

Задание 5. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами can, can’t, couldn’t, must, mustn’t, needn’t.

1. Excuse me … you help me? 2. I am sorry, but I … lend you the money. I am short of money myself. 3. Don’t drive so fast! You … drive faster than 30 miles an hour here! 4. Yesterday I … go to the doctor’s. I … go to school. 5. It is not an important meeting. You … come, if you … find the time. 6. It is getting late … you work a little faster? 7. It is not as late as you think. We … walk so fast. We … take our time. 8. If you want to pas your exams you … work harder. 9. Yesterday it was raining so we … play outside. I hope we … go outside tomorrow. 10. Where … I buy a pair of jeans like those? – You … buy them here in Britain. I bought these in the USA.

CONTROL WORK 5

Variant 3

Задание 1. Почитайте и переведите текст. Составьте 5 вопросов по тексту

DRESS CODE

Dress codes are sets of regulations governing what is and is not appropriate attire for a given setting or event. In years past, it was usually easy to convey a dress code by noting that the appropriate dress would be casual, business, semi-formal, formal, or black-tie. Over the years, the relaxation of clothing options in various settings has changed, often making it necessary to further define what type of clothes are considered proper for a given situation.



Many different settings require a specific dress code. One of the most common is in the workplace. Offices often set a specific dress code in order to create a perception of professionalism. The idea is usually that if people are required to dress in a certain manner, they will conduct themselves in a more businesslike fashion. It is not unusual for an office dress code to specifically require a certain length of skirt for women, a coat and tie for men, and sometimes even the range of colors that are considered appropriate for the workplace.

Schools also commonly have dress codes. Elementary and junior high schools may require students to abide by a dress code as part of the process of maintaining order on the campus. While a school dress code used to consist mainly of identifying various types of clothing that were not permissible on school grounds, the trend today is to specify a simple shirt matched with slacks or a skirt that serves as a uniform. This approach is thought to help minimize outward differences between the children and thus remove at least one factor of elitism or class distinction by having all the students wear essentially the same type of clothing.

Dress attire for social events is often specified in order to prevent confusion over what type of clothing is proper for the event. The need to be more specific about the dress code for such events as weddings, benefit dinners, and even social events taking place at a house of worship is much more common in modern times than in previous decades. Prior to the societal change of the 1960s, all these events required at least business dress, and often were specified as requiring formal dress. Today, however, weddings may take place in settings where jeans, shorts and even swimsuits may be more appropriate for the occasion. Benefit dinners are also sometimes held in casual settings and thus require casual dress. Even many houses of worship have loosened dress codes and may allow jeans or other types of casual clothing at various social events.

Задание 2. Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужном времени, соблюдая правила образования условных предложений

1. The trains all (stop)…………………….if it snowed heavily. 2. If you (go out)…………in cold weather without a coat, you would catch a cold. 3. If I saw a cheap second-hand car, I (buy)……….. it. 4. If you ate well and exercised regularly, you (live)……………to be 100 years old. 5. You would have a bad stomach if you (eat)……………too much of that cake. 6. If it (rain)………..this afternoon, I (take) ………………my umbrella. 7. If you didn’t drive carefully, you (have)…………….an accident. 8. If you (study)……………..for a higher qualification, you (get) …………. a better job next year. 9. If you sent the letter by first class mail, it (get) ………….there the following day.

Задание 3. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Future Simple, Future Continuous, Future Perfect

1. We (have) a party next Sunday. 2. We (have) a party from seven to ten next Sunday. 3. I think I (read) a new article tomorrow. 4. He (work) from 8 to 9 p.m. on Saturday. 5. At this time tomorrow I (swim) in the river. 6. I (check) my home exercise tomorrow. 7. I (finish) a composition by 8 o’clock in the evening. 8. We (have) lunch by 3 o’clock and then we will go for a walk. 9. We (build) our country house next year. 10. The pupils of our class (visit) the Tretyakov Gallery next Sunday.



Задание 4. Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужном времени, используя правила согласования времен в английском языке

1. It was decided that we (start) our work at eight o’clock. 2. I told you that I (leave) for Minsk on the following day. 3. The boy didn’t know that he already (receive) a good mark. 4. He wanted to know what (become) of the books. 5. The visitors were told that the secretary just (go out) and (come back) in half an hour. 6. He said we (may) keep the books. 7. We thought that she not (be able) to make his work in time and therefore (offer) to help her. 8. When I came they (tell) me that he (leave) half an hour before. 9. It was soon clear to the teacher that the control work (be) a difficult one. 10. I decided that next year I (go) to see my old friend again. I not (see) him since he (go) to Moscow.

Задание 5. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами, подходящими по смыслу

1. We … cancel the meeting. The proposals are not ready yet. 2. Sorry I won’t be in Moscow at that time. I … go to Minsk. My parents will celebrate their fortieth wedding anniversary. 3. You … thank them. They have done so much for you. 4. The shop was losing money, so they … close down. 5. You … exercise every day to keep fit. 6. He is overworking. He really … go to bed earlier. 7. I have a splitting headache. I … take an aspirin. 8. I know you … do the job because you have knowledge and experience. 9. We told him he … go home. 10. You … drive carefully, it is foggy today.

CONTROL WORK 5

Variant 4

Задание 1. Почитайте и переведите текст. Составьте 5 вопросов по тексту

TABLE MANNERS

Good table manners avoid ugliness. All rules of table manners are made to avoid it. To let anyone see what you have in your mouth is offensive. So is to make a noise. To make a mess in the plate is disgusting. So there are some rules how to behave yourselves at the table:

Do not attract undue attention to yourself in public.

When eating take as much as you want, but eat as much as you take. Never stretch over the table for something you want, ask your neighbour to pass it. Take a slice of bread from the bread-plate by hand, don't harpoon your bread with a fork. Never read while eating (at least in company).

When a dish is placed before you do not eye it suspiciously as though it were the first time you had seen it, and do not give the impression that you are about to sniff it.

Chicken requires special handling. First cut as much as you can, and when you can't use knife or fork any longer, use your fingers. The customary way to refuse a dish is by saying, "No, thank you" (or to accept, "Yes, please"). Don't say "I don't eat that stuff, don't make faces or noises to show that you don't like it.

In between courses don't make bread-balls to while the time away and do not play with the silver.

Do not empty your glass too quickly — it will be promptly refilled. Don't put liquid into your mouth if it is already full. Don't eat off the knife.

Vegetables, potatoes, macaroni are placed on your fork with' the help of your knife. If your food is too hot don't blow on it as though you were trying to start a campfire on a damp night. Try to make as little noise as possible when eating.

And, finally, don't forget to say "thank you" for every favour or kindness.

Задание 2. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect

1. Every day July (take) the bus to go to her office. 2. At the moment you (do) an English exercise. 3. Tom and July (learn) English this year. 4. The Bank (open) at 9.30 every morning from Monday to Friday. 5. Our cousins (come) to see us next Sunday. 6. Om (read) the newspaper every morning on the train. 7. July usually (clean) the house on Sunday. 8. Doctors (cure – лечить) many deadly disease. 9. English (become) one of the most popular courses at the university. 10. I think I (see) that movie before.

Задание 3Поставьте глагол в скобках в Passive Voice

1. The bomb…(hear) 5 miles away. 2. The World Cup at football…(win) in 1982. 3. Robert Gibbs, the great plane robber…(arrest) the police yesterday. 4. It …(explain) to us how the accident had happened. 5. The Guinness Book of Records…(publish) in the 50’s. 6. The job …(offer) to Peggy. 7. I could not answer the questions I … (ask) at the interview last month. 8. My suitcase…(steal) from the hotel room. 9. We… (wake up) by the barking dog last night. 10. There is someone behind us. I think…(follow)

Задание 4. Поставьте глагол в скобках в нужном времени, используя правила согласования времен в английском языке

1. She asked me if I (enjoy) her dinner. 2. He said he (be) late that evening. 3. Our children said they (not/ like) school. 4. Liz says she (see) the film. 5. She said that she (be) 20 years old the following Friday. 6. They said that they (never/ be) to Britain before. 7. He boasted that he (can) play different musical instrument. 8. Thomas told his wife that he (lose) his umbrella on the bus the day before. 9 . He asked me whether he (call) the doctor. 10. The girl said that her name (be) Joan.

Задание 5. Заполните пропуски модальными глаголами (must, should, would, ought to, have to, needn’t, can, could, may)

1. We … cancel the meeting. The proposals are not ready yet. 2. Sorry I won’t be in Moscow at that time. I … go to Minsk. My parents will celebrate their fortieth wedding anniversary. 3. You … thank them. They have done so much for you. 4. The shop was losing money, so they … close down. 5. You … exercise every day to keep fit. 6. He is overworking. He really … go to bed earlier. 7. I have a splitting headache. I … take an aspirin. 8. I know you … do the job because you have knowledge and experience. 9. We told him he … go home. 10. You … drive carefully, it is foggy today.

Приложение 1

Министерство образования Нижегородской области

Государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение

высшего образования

«Нижегородский государственный инженерно-экономический университет»

(ГБОУ ВО НГИЭУ)

Факультет: экономический

Кафедра: Иностранные языки

Контрольная работа

по дисциплине «Иностранный язык»

(английский)

Вариант _

Выполнил:

студент группы 16МЗ,

заочной формы обучения

экономического факультета

________________

(ФИО)

Проверил:

к.п.н., доцент Гненик М. Е.

____________

(подпись)

г. Княгинино

Приложение 2

Список справочной литературы:

1. Шляхова, В. А. Английский язык для экономистов : Учебник для бакалавров / В. А. Шляхова, О. Н. Герасина, Ю. А. Герасина. – М.: Издательско-торговая корпорация «Дашков и К», 2016. – 296 с. // ЭБС «Книгафонд» [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: http://www.knigafund.ru/books/200033

2. Английский язык для инженеров: Учеб / Т. Ю. Полякова, Е. В. Синявская, О. И. Тынкова, Э. С. Улановская. – 7-е изд., исп. – М.: Высшая школа, 2007. – 463 с.

3. Крылова, И. П. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка: Учебное пособие для ин-тов и фак. иностр. яз. – 11-е изд. – М.: КДУ, 2006. – 432 с. 4. Крылова, И. П. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка: Учебное пособие для ин-тов и фак. иностр. яз. – 11-е изд. – М.: КДУ, 2006. – 432 с.

4. Жданкина, И. Ю. Английский язык: учебно-методический комплекс. – Княги-нино: НГИЭИ, 2011. – 157 с.

5. Быкова, Д. В. Учебное пособие по грамматике английского языка (часть 2) / Д. В. Быкова. – Княгинино: НГИЭИ, 2014. – 104 с.

6. Быкова, Д. В. Учебное пособие по грамматике английского языка (часть 1) / Д. В. Быкова. – Княгинино: НГИЭИ, 2012. – 112 с.

7. Сысоева, Ю. Ю. Английский язык: учебно-методический комплекс. – Княгинино: НГИЭИ, 2012.- 132 с.

8. Сысоева, Ю. Ю. Английский язык: учебная программа для 2-3 курсов ВПО. – Княгинино: НГИЭИ, 2013. – 180 с.

Приложение 3

TABLE OF IRREGULAR VERBS

Infinitive Past Indefinite Participle II Перевод
to be to become to begin to break to bring to build to burn to buy to choose to come to cat to do to draw to drink to drive to eat to fall to feel to fight to find to fly to forget to get to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hold to keep to know to lead to learn to leave to let to light to lose to make to mean to meet to put to read to ring to run to say to see to sell to send to set to show to shut to sing to sit to sleep to speak to spend to stand to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand to win to write was, were became began broke brought built burnt bought chose came cut did drew drank drove ate fell felt fought found flew forgot got gave went grew hung had heard held kept knew led learnt, learned left let lit lost made meant met put read rang ran said saw sold sent set showed shut sang sat slept spoke spent stood swam took taught told thought threw understood won wrote been became begun broken brought built burnt bought chosen come cut done drawn drunk driven eaten fallen felt fought found flown forgotten got given gone grown hung had heard held kept known led learnt, learned left let lit lost made meant met put read rung run said seen sold sent set shown shut sung sat slept spoken spent stood swum taken taught told thought thrown understood won written быть становиться начинать(ся) ломать приносить строить гореть, жечь покупать выбирать приходить резать делать тащить, рисовать пить везти есть падать чувствовать бороться находить летать забывать получать давать идти, ехать расти, выращивать вешать иметь слышать держать держать, хранить знать вести учить(ся) оставлять позволять зажигать терять делать значить встречать класть читать звонить бежать сказать, говорить видеть продавать посылать помещать, класть показывать закрывать петь сидеть спать говорить тратить, проводить стоять плавать брать учить сказать думать бросать понимать выигрывать писать


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