You are given a list of 10 practical ideas. Choose those, which in your opinion can help to save the environment and explain your choice.

1. Buy fresh food that doesn’t need a lot of packing.

2. Save as much water as possible.

3. Find out more about Green organizations in your area.

4. Write letters to the government of your country about Green problems, which you are worried about.

5. Use bottles more than once.

6. Try to save paper. Also, buy and use recycled paper as often as possible.

7. Make sure that your family and friends use unleaded petrol in their cars.

8. Use public transport as often as possible.

9. Use batteries as little as possible. It takes 50 times more energy to make them than they produce.

10. Don’t leave on electric lights, TV, Hi-Fi, etc, if you are not using them.

Make up the plan of the text and retell it according to the plan (not less then 100 words).

· COMPREHENSION READING

9. Read the following text and do the tasks after the text:

The Threat to Kiribati

The people of Kiribati are afraid that one day in the not-too–distant future, their country will disappear from the face of the earth – literally. Several times this year, the Pacific island nation has been flooded by a sudden high tide (волна). These tides, which swept across the island and destroyed houses, came when there was neither wind nor rain. “This never happened before,” say the older citizens of Kiribati.

What is causing these mysterious high tides? The answer may well be global warming. When fuels like oil and coal are being burned, pollutants are released; these pollutants trap heat in the earth’s atmosphere. Warmer temperatures cause water to expand and also create more water by melting glaciers and polar ice-caps.

If the trend continuous, scientists say, many countries will suffer. Bangladesh, for example might lose one-fifth of its land. The coral island nations of the Pacific, like Kiribati and the Marshall Islands, however, would face an even worse fate – they would be swallowed by the sea. The loss of these coral islands would be everyone’s loss. Coral formations are home to more species than any other place on earth.

The people of these nations feel frustrated. The sea on which their economies have always been based, is suddenly threatening their existence. They don’t have the money expensive technological solutions like seawalls. And they have no control over the pollutants, which are being released mainly by activities in large industrialized countries. All they can do is to hope that industrialized countries will take steps to reduce pollution.

Read the text and answer the following questions

1) Why are the people of Kiribati afraid that one day their country will disappear from the face of the earth?

2) What is the reason of global warming?

3) What nations would be swallowed by the sea?

4) Why are coral islands vital important for the environment?

5) Can the nations of coral islands do anything to save their land?

Choose T (true) or F (false)

1)T FSeveral times this year, the Pacific island nation has been flooded by a usual high tide.

2)T FWarmer temperatures create more water by melting glaciers and polar ice-caps.

3)T FBangladesh would be swallowed by the sea.

4) T FThe people of Kiribati don’t pollute their island.

5) T FCoral formations are just for beauty.

· GRAMMAR FOCUS

Perfect

Present Past Future
Time expressions Present Perfect может употребляться с обстоятельственными словами, обозначающими период времени, который еще не закончился: Today-сегодня this week (month, year) на этой неделе, в этом месяце, в этом году. Часто употребляется с наречиями неопределенного времени и частотности: never никогда ever когда-либо often часто seldom редко already уже just только что lately в последнее время, недавно by now уже, к настоящему времени up to now до настоящего момента yet еще (в вопросах и отрицаниях) Past Perfect обозначает действие, завершившееся до определенного момента в прошлом. By (к), by that time(к тому времени) ever когда-либо often часто seldom редко already уже just только что lately в последнее время, недавно by now уже, к настоящему времени up to now до настоящего момента yet еще (в вопросах и отрицаниях) Обычно время, до которого завершится будущее действие, обозначено в предложении при помощи выражений by (к), by then (к тому времени, тогда), by the time (к тому времени), before (до) и пр. Союзы until / till используются только в отрицательных предложениях.
Affirmative Have/has+V3 You have spoiled everything. Ты все испортил. (все испорчено сейчас) Had+V3 By six o’clock on Sunday I had already learned all the words. (К шести часам в воскресенье я уже выучил все слова.) She had just made coffee when I arrived Will/shall+have+V3 We will have finishedthe report by the evening. (Мы закончим подготовку доклада к вечеру)
Negative Have/has+not+V3 I haven’t seen Peter today. (Я не видел Петра сегодня) Had+not+V3 I hadn’t read the book by Saturday. (Я еще не прочитал эту книгу к субботе.) Will+have+not+V3 I won’t have read the book until next month. (Я не дочитаю книгу до следующего месяца.)
Interrogative Have/has+S+V3 Have you already done your homework? Ты уже сделал домашнюю работу? Had+S+V3 Had you knownabout it before I left? (Ты уже знал об этом до того как я ушел?) Will-S+have+V3 Will we have built our new house by the beginning of the next year? (Мы достроим наш новый дом к началу следующего года?)

1. Insert have/has + one of the following verbs in the 3d form.



Break, buy, finish, do, go, go, lose, paint, read, take

“Are they still having dinner?” “No, they have finished.”

I _____________ some new shoes. Do you want to see them?

“Is Tom here?” “No, he _____________ to work.”

“__________ you __________ the shopping” “No, I’m going to do it later.”

“Where’s your key?” “I don’t know. I _____________ it.”

Look! Somebody _____________ that window.

Your house looks different. __________ you __________ it?

I can’t find my umbrella. Somebody _____________ it.

I’m looking for Sarah. Where __________ she __________?

“Do you want the newspaper?” “No, thanks. I _____________ it.”

2. Make up questions using Have you ever …?

9. (to be / to Paris?) Have you ever been to Paris?

10. (play / golf?) Have you ever played golf?

11. (to be / to Australia?) _______________?

12. (lose / your passport?) _______________?

13. (sleep / in the park?) _______________?

14. (eat / Chinese food?) _______________?

15. (to be / to New York?) _______________?

16. (win / a lot of money?) _______________?



17. (break / your leg?) _______________?

18. (run / a marathon?) _______________?

19. (speak / to famous people?) _______________?

20. (live / in another town) _______________?


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